The Filipino Veterans Equity Movement: A Case Study in Reparations Theory
In February 2009, the United States enacted a law that provided $198 million in one-time direct individual payments and official service recognition to Filipino veterans who fought for the United States in the Pacific theater of World War II.1 Under the payment program, Filipino veterans with U.S. citizenship will receive $15,000, while non-U.S. citizen Filipino veterans will receive $9,000.2 The payments and official recognition are the most recent victory in a battle for redress that Filipino veterans have waged for more than sixty years.
In essence, this Comment is about strategy: what forum should reparations movements choose to optimize their chances of success? While reparations movements have largely defined themselves through aspirational goals rather than specific definitions of reparations or strategies for achieving redress,21 some scholars suggest that reparations movements are increasingly achieving concrete results. As Professor Ogletree puts it, ―[t]he issues are clear, the venues are identified, and the time is now. My hope is that this Comment might help those who seek redress to evaluate the available options.