Public Charge: The Beginning of the End for Nationwide Injunctions?

Immigrants would disenroll from Medicaid and federal housing assistance programs for fear that use of public benefits would weigh against them should they apply for a change in immigration status. This, in turn, would result in greater use of city and county health services and greater housing insecurity risking homelessness. Given these deleterious consequences, if the public charge rule—as multiple federal courts have found —appears to violate the Constitution, APA, and federal immigration laws, why shouldn’t it be enjoined uniformly nationwide? In this essay, I argue that it should, because nationwide injunctions are both a permissible exercise of judicial discretion and a desirable check on executive agencies. […]