Abandoning the Federal Role in Education: The Every Student Succeeds Act

In December 2015, Congress passed the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), which redefined the role of the federal government in education. The ESSA attempted to appease popular sentiment against the No Child Left Behind Act’s (NCLB) overreliance on standardized testing and punitive sanctions. But in overturning those aspects of the NCLB, Congress failed to devise […]

The Constitutional Challenge to Teacher Tenure

Reformers argue that ineffective teaching is the linchpin of educational inequality and failure. Starting in 2010, they successfully sought important changes in teacher evaluation systems at the state and federal levels. But tenure, a fundamental source of teachers’ strength to resist more aggressive reform, remained in place. Thus, in 2012, reformers theorized a novel constitutional […]